## CSETMathGuru: THE Site for Single Subject Math

**What are the High School Math California Content Standards relevant to Subtest II?**

Since the CSET Single Subject Math Credential enables one teach High School Math, it's an extremely profitable exercise to scrutinize the California Department of Education's Math content standards applicable for High School Math teachers. These are expectations for students that every current and prospective Math teacher ought to be familiar with.

The following content standards apply for Geometry and Statistics.

__GEOMETRY__**:**The geometry skills and concepts developed in this discipline are useful to all students. Aside from learning these skills and concepts, students will develop their ability to construct formal, logical arguments and proofs in geometric settings and problems.

Students demonstrate understanding by identifying and giving examples of undefined terms, axioms, theorems, and inductive and deductive reasoning.

Students write geometric proofs, including proofs by contradiction.

Students construct and judge the validity of a logical argument and give counterexamples to disprove a statement.

Students prove basic theorems involving congruence and similarity.

Students prove that triangles are congruent or similar, and they are able to use the concept of corresponding parts of congruent triangles.

Students know and are able to use the triangle inequality theorem.

Students prove and use theorems involving the properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal, the properties of quadrilaterals, and the properties of circles.

Students know, derive, and solve problems involving the perimeter, circumference, area, volume, lateral area, and surface area of common geometric figures.

Students compute the volumes and surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres; and students commit to memory the formulas for prisms, pyramids, and cylinders.

Students compute areas of polygons, including rectangles, scalene triangles, equilateral triangles, rhombi, parallelograms, and trapezoids.

Students determine how changes in dimensions affect the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric figures and solids.

Students find and use measures of sides and of interior and exterior angles of triangles and polygons to classify figures and solve problems.

Students prove relationships between angles in polygons by using properties of complementary, supplementary, vertical, and exterior angles.

Students prove the Pythagorean theorem.

Students use the Pythagorean theorem to determine distance and find missing lengths of sides of right triangles.

Students perform basic constructions with a straightedge and compass, such as angle bisectors, perpendicular bisectors, and the line parallel to a given line through a point off the line.

Students prove theorems by using coordinate geometry, including the midpoint of a line segment, the distance formula, and various forms of equations of lines and circles.

Students know the definitions of the basic trigonometric functions defined by the angles of a right triangle. They also know and are able to use elementary relationships between them.

Students use trigonometric functions to solve for an unknown length of a side of a right triangle, given an angle and a length of a side.

Students know and are able to use angle and side relationships in problems with special right triangles, such as 30°, 60°, and 90° triangles and 45°, 45°, and 90° triangles.

Students prove and solve problems regarding relationships among chords, secants, tangents, inscribed angles, and inscribed and circumscribed polygons of circles.

Students know the effect of rigid motions on figures in the coordinate plane and space, including rotations, translations, and reflections.

Students can derive and apply the Law of Sines and Cosines.

__STATISTICS__**:**This discipline is a technical and in-depth extension of probability and statistics.

Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events.

Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces.

Students demonstrate an understanding of the notion of discrete random variables by using this concept to solve for the probabilities of outcomes, such as the probability of the occurrence of five or fewer heads in 4 coin tosses.

Students understand the notion of a continuous random variable and can interpret the probability of an outcome as the area of a region under the graph of the probability density function associated with the random variable.

Students know the definition of the mean of a discrete random variable and can determine the mean for a particular discrete random variable.

Students know the definition of the variance of a discrete random variable and can determine the variance for a particular discrete random variable.

Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families.

Students determine the mean and the standard deviation of a normally distributed random variable.

Students know the central limit theorem and can use it to obtain approximations for probabilities in problems of finite sample spaces in which the probabilities are distributed binomially.

Students know the definitions of the mean, median, and mode of distribution of data and can compute each of them in particular situations.

Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data.

Students find the line of best fit to a given distribution of data by using least squares regression.

Students know what the correlation coefficient of two variables means and are familiar with the coefficient's properties.

Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stem-and-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots.

Students are familiar with the notions of a statistic of a distribution of values, of the sampling distribution of a statistic, and of the variability of a statistic.

Students know basic facts concerning the relation between the mean and the standard deviation of a sampling distribution and the mean and the standard deviation of the population distribution.

Students determine confidence intervals for a simple random sample from a normal distribution of data and determine the sample size required for a desired margin of error.

Students determine the P- value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal distribution.

Students are familiar with the chi-square distribution and chi-square test and understand their uses.